What are the Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus. Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted disease. According to statistics, every year 14 mln of newly infected are detected worldwide. Generally, HPV doesn’t manifestate any symptoms, and thus people with such an infection may go untreated until they discover such problems as genital papillomas and cancer.
Cervical cancer used to be a widespread cause of death in American women. Nowadays, the situation has changed: regular tests and vaccines contribute to the prevention of the cervical cancer. It is important to get to know its symptoms in order to detect the disease at an early stage and proceed to proper treatment.
In early stages, it’s quite difficult to detect symptoms of the cervical cancer. That’s why doctors insist on regular Pap smears allowing to detect precancerous lesions and start the treatment. First symptoms of the cancer usually appear only if untreated premalignant cells start growing and penetrating deep inside the cervical tissues. This process is usually followed by vaginal bleeding and discharge, which many patients may by mistake treat as sign of a noncancerous disease.
The invasive cervical cancer is commonly accompanied by irregular bleeding. Vaginal bleeding may occur between two periods or even after a sexual intercourse. It may be very scarce and be characterized like spotting.
In postmenopausal women, bleeding is an alarming sign either of a cervical cancer or other gynecological diseases. It is necessary to seek your doctor’s advice asap.
Another symptom of the cervical cancer is unusual vaginal discharge.
It may be as follows:
- unpleasant smelling.
Vaginal bleeding and discharge are the first symptoms of the cervical cancer that can be detected in early stages. The progression of the disease will feature other more serious symptoms such as pains in the back and pelvic area, edema of one or both legs, urinary and defecating difficulty, excessive tiredness, loss of weight.