Melanoma Skin Cancer: Symptoms and Signs
Uncommon damages of skin areas (birthmarks, lesions, spots, moles), which look strange can be indicants of melanoma skin cancer or another type of the skin cancer. It can be a kind of warning.
Healthy birthmarks and moles should be uniformly colored. They can be level or relief. Their form can be round or oval. Note, that birthmarks are usually 6 mm in their diameter. People can have their moles from birth. However, some of them appear during childhood and adolescence. If some moles show later, they should be examined by a doctor.
Each mole should keep its shape, size and color or fade away.
All people have birthmarks and moles. Many of them are not threatening. However, it is recommended to monitor any change in moles and birthmarks: their size, shape and color, – in order not to overlook a melanoma development.
Possible Symptoms and Signs of Melanoma
Each new mark on the skin or a mole, which changes its size, shape or color can become a warning sign. The same thing can be said about some birthmark, which looks different from other ones. In any of these cases, consult your doctor.
There is ABCDE rule to monitor your skin:
- A is for Asymmetry: the mole is not symmetrical;
- B is for Border: the edges of the mole are irregular;
- C is for Color: the color of the mole is not even with inclusions of pink, red, white, or blue;
- D is for Diameter: the spot is more than 6 mm in its diameter;
- E is for Evolving: the mole changes its size, shape or color.
Of course, there are melanomas which do not fit these rules. It’s important to consult a specialist telling about any changes or new marks on your skin.
- A lesion that doesn’t heal;
- Spread of color from the border of a mark into surrounding skin area;
- Red color or a new swelling beyond the border of the mark;
- Change in sensation, such as itchiness, tenderness, or pain;
- Change in the surface of a mole – rugosity, oozing, bleeding, or the presence of a lump or bump.
Consult your doctor as soon as possible if some spots on the skin border you. Ask your doctor to examine other skin areas, which are not available to you. There are cases, when it is not easy to differ melanoma from an ordinary healthy mole, even for specialists. Therefore, consult your doctor every time you have any doubts.