Signs and Symptoms of Vulvar Cancer

Signs and Symptoms of Vulvar Cancer


Symptoms that occur depend on the stage as well as the type of cancer in your case.

Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Most women who suffer from VIN notice no symptoms at all. If a symptom occurs, in the majority of cases, it’s itching that a woman can’t get rid of. An area affected by VIN may look different than the normal skin around it. At the same time, the area affected by VIN may be red, pink and darker than all the rest area around it.

Since these changes often occur for a different reason than cancer, very often it so happens that a woman doesn’t think that the condition is serious. Some women try to treat it by themselves with the help of remedies that their friends may recommend. Even doctors are sometimes unable to say what’s the real reason for VIN is.

Invasive Squamous Cell Cancer Of The Vulva

Almost all women suffering from the invasive vulvar cancers will notice the following symptoms:

  • There is an area of vulva that looks different. It may be red, pink, darker or lighter than all the rest normal skin around it.
  • A lump that may be red, pink or white in color. Besides, it may have either a wart-like or raw surface that feels rough or thick.
  • The skin of the vulva becomes thicker.
  • Itching.
  • Painful or burning sensations.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge that occurs not because of your periods.
  • Open sore that doesn’t heal for a month or more.

Verrucous carcinoma that’s considered to be a subtype of invasive squamous cell vulvar cancer, looks like a cauliflower growths that are very similar to genital warts. Do not forget, however, that the symptoms described may occur not because you have the cancer. Anyway, if you notice any of them, talk them over with your doctor or a nurse.

Vulvar Melanoma

Vulvar Cancer Symptoms & Signs

Those women who face it have the same symptoms that are mentioned above.

For example, there may be:

  • A lump.
  • Itching.
  • Painful sensations.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge.

In the majority of cases, vulvar melanomas are black or dark brown in color. However, there are cases, when they turn out to be white, pink, red or even of other colors. They are located throughout the vulva. At the same time, in the majority of cases, they are located in the area around clitoris or majora or minora labia.

Sometimes it so happens that in the beginning of the disease a mole occurs. If it has been present for years, it can indicate a case of melanoma. You can easily distinguish a normal mole from the one that may indicate a case of melanoma by memorizing the ABCDE rule.

  • Asymmetry that means that one half of the mole is bigger than the other one.
  • Border irregularity when the edges of the mole are either ragged or notched.
  • Color. The mole is not only of one color. There may be shades of different colors as well.
  • Diameter. Your mole shouldn’t be wider than 6 mm (approximately ¼ inch).
  • Evolving means that your mole changes in size, shape or color.

This last rule is the most important one. However, melanomas do not always follow the ABCDE rule. If you have a mole that has changed, consult your doctor so that he or she is able to examine it thoroughly.

Bartholin Gland Cancer

There occurs a lump on either side of the opening to the vagina. In the majority of cases, a lump occurs due to a Bartholin gland cyst. The cyst is not a case of cancer and occurs more often.

Paget Disease

Soreness and a red, scaly area are symptoms of Paget disease of the vulva.

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