- The Overall Outlook on Throat Cancer Survival Rates
- The Prognosis in Case You’re Dealing With the Early Stages of the Cancer
- The Prognosis in Case you’re Dealing With Advanced Stages of the Cancer
- Other Factors that may Have an Influence on Your Personal Future Prognosis
- How Reliable Cancer Statistics Are
- Clinical Trials
The Overall Outlook on Throat Cancer Survival Rates
The national statistic take into account only men since few women face the cancer of the larynx. In England and Wales, approximately 90 patients (90 %) out of 100 of those who have the cancer of the larynx will survive for at least 1 year after the disease was detected. Approximately 70 (70 %) patients out of 100 will stay alive for at least 5 years after the disease was detected. More than 60 (60 %) patients out of 100 will stay alive for at least 10 years after the diagnosis was made. These patients are very likely to be cured of the laryngeal cancer.
Just like it is in cases of other cancers, your personal prognosis depends on how advanced your cancer is. In other words, it’s about the stage of your cancer. Besides, your personal prognosis in case you’re dealing with laryngeal cancer also takes into account what part of the larynx is affected. The statistics are general in character for all the stages and locations of laryngeal cancer. Fortunately, in the majority of cases, the cancer turns out to be stage T1 or T2 when it is detected. In this article, you’ll find statistics for early as well as advanced stages of laryngeal cancer.
The Prognosis in Case You’re Dealing With the Early Stages of the Cancer
T stage 0 or Tis (a Case of Carcinoma in Situ)
The treatment procedures for this stage of the cancer involve radiation therapy and a surgical operation that aims to remove the abnormal cells. However, do not forget that these cancer cells may come back. If there is a case of the disease recurrence, there may be a need for one more surgical operation. If those patients who are said to have this stage of the cancer stop smoking, all of them are very likely to be cured of the disease. Approximately 95% (95 patients out of 100) manage to stay alive for at least 5years or even more after the diagnosis was made and exactly this stage was detected.
Stages T1 and T2 of the Laryngeal Cancer
Approximately 60 % of patients (60 patients out of 100) who are said to have the cancer of the larynx, have ether stage 1 or stage 2. Treatment procedures for these stages involve radiation therapy and endoscopic therapy.
Whether you undergo ether radiation therapy or endoscopic therapy, the outcome is one of the following ones:
- Over 90 % of patients (90 patients out of 100) who have the first stage of the cancer manage to stay alive for 5 or more years after the diagnosis was made.
- Over 70 % of patients (70 patients out of 100) who have the second stage of the cancer manage to stay alive for 5 or more years after the diagnosis was made.
Even though all the necessary for this cancer treatment procedures are quite efficient, we can’t tell you for sure which one is the best on a long term basis.
The majority of laryngeal cancers registered in the UK turn out to be glottis. In other words, they start developing in the vocal cords located within the larynx. Glottic cancers have a tendency to be detected at an early stage since there occurs hoarseness very quickly. Approximately 90 % (90 patients out of 100) of those who deal with T1 stage of glottis cancer are cured from the disease with the help of either radiation therapy or a surgical operation alone. However, the remaining 10 % of patients will need to undergo a surgical operation after the radiation therapy course to get rid of the disease.
If you’re fighting against T2 stage of the glottis cancer, your cure rate amounts to approximately 70 % (it implies that the treatment you undergo here is radiation therapy). At least half of the other people will be said to undergo a surgical operation once the course of radiation therapy is finished. Consequently, the overall cure rate here amounts to 85 % or 85 patients out of 100.
The Prognosis in Case you’re Dealing With Advanced Stages of the Cancer
Stages T3 and T4 of the Laryngeal Cancers
If you’re said to have either stage 3 or stage 4 of the cancer, it implies that the tumor in your case is quite large. Actually, it is so large that it has already had an influence on the movement of the vocal cords. Besides, there may also be metastases be present in your lymph nodes and other areas of your organism. However, keep in mind that this happens only in 5 % of all cases (only 5 patients out of 100 face this situation).
Your personal future prognosis also partly depends on how far the tumor has developed. This also involves whether it has gone through the outer lining of the lymph nodes.
We should underline once again that the figures may vary in accordance with the location of the tumor within the larynx. Approximately, in 1 case of the cancer out of 3, the tumor starts developing in the supraglottis. According to several studies, approximately 60 % of patients manage to stay alive for at least 5 years after the treatment for T3 supraglottic cancer was received.
In general, the survival rate in case of T4 stage of laryngeal cancer is much lower and amounts to 25 %.
The prognosis is not that much positive in case the tumor has invaded in beyond the neck area and another area of your organism. However, you’re to remember that this is a rare case. Even if there are metastases present in other parts of your organism, you still have treatment options to choose from with the view of relieving the symptoms, slowing the growth of the tumor down and improving your quality of life for some time. The crux of the matter is that few people manage to live for more than 1 year after the diagnosis was made and they were said to have an advanced stage of the cancer. However, everything depends on your personal peculiarities and situation. If you’re fighting against a really advanced stage of the cancer, you need to talk everything over with your doctor so that to get a better understanding on your personal future prognosis.
Other Factors that may Have an Influence on Your Personal Future Prognosis
The list of such like factors apart from the stage of the cancer involves the following:
- Whether you go on smoking cigarettes;
- The overall state of your health;
- The grade of your cancer. The grade implies the way the cancer cells look when studied under a microscope.
If you don’t give up smoking once the cancer of the larynx is cured, the disease may come back since smoking increase the chance of side effects occurrence after the course of radiation therapy is finished. Besides, smoking may lead to the treatment being not so efficient as it should be. Pay attention to the fact that the majority of larynx cancers have a high cure rate. Therefore, it’s of high importance for you to try and quit smoking. Of course, it can be quite complicated for you to do since you are under stress. Here your GP can advise you on how to get rid of this bad addiction. Moreover, there is information on how to quit smoking in our news and on our resources website.
It’s also of paramount importance for you to stay as healthy as possible. In case you tend to drink lots of alcohol, it will be quite complicated for you to eat and look after yourself properly. There is a need to get a well nutrition to recover from treatment. Consequently, in case you get rid of the larynx cancer, do your best so that to cut down on your drinking as well as making sure that you eat regularly and well. Your GP or the practice nurse at your GP surgery can provide you with more information on how to lead a healthy lifestyle.
How Reliable Cancer Statistics Are
Actually, statistics are unable to tell you what exactly will happen with you in future since your cancer case is unique. For instance, the growth of the tumor may be at a different rate in various people who have the same type of the cancer. The statistics do not have enough details to tell you exactly what treatments various patients may have had. Besides, they are unable to tell you how exactly their treatment procedures have influenced their personal outlooks. There are lots of individual factors that may have an influence on your treatment as well as prognosis. If your overall state of health is well enough for you to be able to undergo the necessary treatment, you’re quite likely to do better than on average. This is especially true if you’re dealing with an advanced stage of the cancer.
Studies prove that if you take part in clinical trials, you may improve your personal future prognosis. However, there is no exact explanation why it is so. Probably, it’s due to the fact that your doctors as well as nurses will monitor the state of your health more closely when you’re participating in the trials. For instance, there may be a need to do more scans and make more blood tests.