- Common Сauses
- Common Symptoms of Metastasis Brain Cancer
- Testing and Examination
- Support Groups
- Possible Complications
- Contacting a Professional
Metastasis brain cancer is caused by wondering cancer cells that originate from other parts of the organism.
There is a rich variety of cancer cell sources that can potentially result in brain cancer:
- Breast cancer;
- Bladder cancer;
- Renal cancer;
- Lung carcinoma;
- Malignant melanoma;
- Various GCT (germ cell tumors).
There are also cancer types that do not tend to spreading toward brain tissues. Colon and prostate cancers are less likely to cause metastasis brain cancer. Seldom, the source of cancer cells is undetermined and we call such cases CUP (cancer of unknown primary origin).
One of the core dangers of brain tumors is that grow uncontrollably and push against surrounding tissues. Tumors and brain swellings create undesired and harmful pressure inside the skull.
In general, brain tumors are classified considering various factors such as colocation of tumors and surrounding tissues. Often, the original source of cancer cells is also taken into consideration. As mentioned above, in rare scenarios determining the origins of cancer cells is impossible.
Over the quarter of all cancers eventually cause brain cancer. Metastasis brain cancer is a far more trivial compared to cases when brain was the original location of cancer.
Common Symptoms of Metastasis Brain Cancer
Amongst manifestations one can find some of signs listed below:
- Frequent falls, overall clumsiness, and coordination issues;
- Infrequent and unexpected fevers;
- Feeling weak and ill;
- Strong headaches and migraine;
- Unusual sensations including sudden pain, stings, numbness, etc;
- Cognitive disorders including bad memory, decreasing problem-solving skills, etc;
- Unexplainable personality changes;
- Odd and even bizarre behavior;
- Speech issues and communicational issues in general;
- Worsening eyesight, problems with visual perception;
The list of symptoms can go on for much longer, but these manifestations are trivial. All of the above is a direct consequence of increasing pressure from tumors onto the brain.
Testing and Examination
Proper examination is the key to successfully identifying where exactly tumors reside and how to treat them. In many cases, tumors are too small and do not manifest themselves through apparent symptoms. However, even the smallest tumors may rapidly decrease the patient’s nervous system.
If the tumor originates from brain, direct brain tissue examination is the best course of actions.
Common brain cancer tests may include the following:
- X-ray scanning of chest, mammograms, chest, abdomen or pelvis computerized tomography (these measure helps in identifying the origins of the tumor);
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computerized Tomography of the brain allows to verify the initial diagnosis and determine the exact location of the tumor;
- Tomography guided biopsy or direct brain tissue examination are necessary to correctly identify the tumor’s type;
- Cerebrospinal fluid examination.
Determining and planning brain cancer treatment should be based on the tumor type, its origins, and patient’s health. The course of actions depends also on the purpose of the treatment. In some cases, functioning improvements are the priority. Sometimes, the main goal is to relieve symptoms.
Multiple tumors are treated with intense radiation. This is the best way to counteract spread tumors.
Singular tumors are easier to locate and remove surgically. Thus, the best course of actions is usually to perform a surgery. In many cases, single brain tumors can be removed completely or significantly debulked.
When tumors are proved to be irremovable, surgery allows to notably inhibit the symptoms.
One of the problems with brain cancer is that it rarely responds to chemotherapy. However, in very rare cases, chemotherapy can be effective enough to justify its place in treatment schedules.
Several small tumors can be removed via a more modern method – Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS). X-ray radiation focused on small tumors removes them efficiently.
Treatment should be complemented with proper medications:
- Stress ulcers should be kept in check with antacids and/or antihistamines.
- Seizures are trivial for brain cancer. Seizure prevention is achieved with anticonvulsive medications such as levetiracetam.
- Counteracting brain swelling with calculated intakes of corticosteroids and/or osmotic diuretics like mannitol is also recommended.
- Painkillers are often used in order to relieve pain.
Spreading cancer is barely treatable and often palliative care is the only option left for choosing.
While fighting cancer is no longer possible, patients may live a better life with physical therapy, comfort and safety measures, and various types of psychological therapy. Note that health care is your right given to you by constitution. Consider consulting with a lawyer.
Some people join support groups. Communicating and sharing experience with those who can understand your struggles can drastically improve your quality of life.
Regrettably, metastasis brain cancer cannot be cured in the vast majority of cases. Spreading to other parts of the organism is inevitable. However, prognosis differs from case to case depending on a plethora of factors.
Brain tumors may inflict even more harm.
Possible complications include:
- Fatal brain herniation;
- Complete inability to communicate or even interact;
- Complete inability to function even partially;
- Losing particular nervous system functionality permanently.
Contacting a Professional
If you experience constant headache or regular headache that are completely abnormal for you, contact professionals.
Immediately, call for medical help, if you notice that someone behaves inadequately, loses sight or hearing, shows uncharacteristic clumsiness, struggles to communicate or has seizures. All of the above can manifest brain cancer.